Purchasing new colonies is the main means for increasing '''[[BPS]]''' and '''[[BPC]]'''.
Colonies cost bacteria. New types are unlocked when the player has accumulated bacteria equal to the base price of the next available colony.
Purchasing a new colony increases the price of all colonies of the same type, but the increase to production remains the same.
Before purchasing [[ Colonies#Colonized Planets|''' colonized planets''']] , there is an additional requirement of having previously destroyed 8 planets. This is not reset after entering a '''[[ Black Hole]] '''.
All colonies and regular colony [[Upgrades|'''upgrades''']] are used up when attacking a [[Planets|''' planet''']] or entering a [[Black Hole]]. Gene strand upgrades to colony production are only lost when entering a Black Hole, but BPC and BPS bonuses from the '''[[ Dark Matter Institute]]''' and '''Premium purchases''' are permanent.
The effective production of colonies is also influenced by the equipped [[Evolved Bacteria|'''evolved bacteria''']], which can boost the total BPS, [[BPS#Idle BPS|idle BPS]], or reduce colony price.